Cement and concrete are important parts of construction. However, it’s not uncommon for people to use the terms “cement” and “concrete” interchangeably, but for those in the construction, contracting and flooring industry, there’s a big difference between them. Learning the difference between cement and concrete will definitely help ensure that everyone is speaking the same language when it comes to flooring projects large and small.
What is Cement?
Cement is a combination of several ingredients like calcium, aluminum, iron, limestone, shale, clay, silicon and more. It is carefully balanced to create a mixture that is heated into a fine mineral powder. Once the powder is mixed with water, it will set up and form a solid mass. It was first developed in Britain in the 1700s and it quickly became the building material of choice, especially for underwater construction. That’s because the mixture will set no matter how much water there is. Cement is used in mortar and concrete in many building and construction uses.
What is Concrete?
Concrete is a mixture of cement and different kinds of masonry. Usually a concrete mixture includes rock, sand and crushed gravel, as well as concrete. The stones, known as aggregate, are mixed with the concrete and water. Once it is poured and set, it forms a very solid mass that can withstand all kinds of heat, weight and wear and tear. Concrete is usually poured into a mold and then it hardens into that shape. Depending on the combination of ingredients, concrete can take a long time to set or it can happen quickly.
In summary, it’s helpful to remember that cement acts like the glue for the aggregate, and the combination is what makes concrete.